Black pepper is a flowering vine in family Piperaceae. Its cultivated mainly for its fruit, which is usually dried and then used as spice and seasoning. Black Pepper is originally from South India. In India its called Kaali Mirch in hindi. It is extensively cultivate there and also in tropical regions. As of now Vietnam is the largest producer of Black Pepper in the world.
It is used both as a flavor and medicine. It is the world’s largest traded spice. All over the world its used as a seasoning and often paired with salt.
It is produced from unripe drupes of the pepper plant. They are cooked in hot water for a while, for cleaning and then drying. They are dried either in sun or in the machines. The seeds shrink and and darken into thin black layer. Now it is called as Black Peppercorns.
Once they are dried, pepper spirit and pepper oil is extracted from the berries by crushing them.
Region of Origin:
Black pepper are categorized by the place of origin. The 2 types come from India. Malabar Coast and Tellicherry. Tellicherry comes from grafted Malabar plants grown on Mount Tellicherry.
Season: All year round
Used as Medicine:
Black Pepper is believed to cure constipation, diarrhea, earache, heart diseases, hernia, indigestion, sunburns and few more.
Black Pepper gets its spicy flavor from piperine, which is found in outer fruit and inner seed. It looses its flavor and aroma through evaporation and also if exposed to light. So air tight storage is the best.