Home  >  Cuisines  >  French Cuisine

French Cuisine

French_food french food1

 

French cuisine (French: cuisine française, IPA: [kɥi.zin fʁɑ.sɛz]) consists of cooking traditions and practices from France, famous for the rich tastes and subtle nuances with long and rich history. France, a country famous for its agriculture and independently minded peasants, was long a creative powerbase for delicious recipes, that are both healthy and refined.

There are many dishes that are considered part of French national cuisine today.

A meal often consists of three courses, hors d’œuvre or entrée (introductory course, sometimes soup), plat principal (main course), fromage (cheese course) and/or dessert, sometimes with a salad offered before the cheese or dessert.

Specialty by Season:

French cuisine varies according to the season. In summer, salads and fruit dishes are popular because they are refreshing and produce is inexpensive and abundant. Greengrocers prefer to sell their fruit and vegetables at lower prices if needed, rather than see them rot in the heat. At the end of summer, mushrooms become plentiful and appear in stews throughout France. The hunting season begins in September and runs through February. Game of all kinds is eaten, often in elaborate dishes that celebrate the success of the hunt. Shellfish are at their peak when winter turns to spring, and oysters appear in restaurants in large quantities.

With the advent of deep-freeze and the air-conditioned hypermarché, these seasonal variations are less marked than hitherto, but they are still observed, in some cases due to legal restrictions. Crayfish, for example, have a short season and it is illegal to catch them out of season. Moreover, they do not freeze well.

Food and ingredients:

French regional cuisines use locally grown vegetables, such as pomme de terre (potato), blé (wheat), haricots verts (a type of French green bean), carotte (carrot), poireau (leek), navet (turnip), aubergine (eggplant), courgette (zucchini), and échalotte (shallot).

French regional cuisines use locally grown fungi, such as truffe (truffle), champignon de Paris (button mushroom), chanterelle ou girolle (chanterelle), pleurote (en huître) (oyster mushrooms), and cèpes (porcini).

Common fruits include oranges, tomatoes, tangerines, peaches, apricots, apples, pears, plums, cherries, strawberries, raspberries, redcurrants, blackberries, grapes, grapefruit, and blackcurrants.

Varieties of meat consumed include poulet (chicken), pigeon (squab), dinde (turkey), canard (duck), oie (goose, the source of foie gras), bœuf (beef), veau (veal), porc (pork), agneau (lamb), mouton (mutton), lapin (rabbit), caille (quail), cheval (horse), grenouille (frog), and escargot (snails). Commonly consumed fish and seafood include cod, canned sardines, fresh sardines, canned tuna, fresh tuna, salmon, trout, mussels, herring, oysters, shrimp and calamari.

Eggs are fine quality and often eaten as: omelettes, hard-boiled with mayonnaise, scrambled plain, scrambled haute cuisine preparation, œuf à la coque.

Herbs and seasonings vary by region, and include fleur de sel, herbes de Provence, tarragon, rosemary, marjoram, lavender, thyme, fennel, and sage.

Fresh fruit and vegetables, as well as fish and meat, can be purchased either from supermarkets or specialty shops. Street markets are held on certain days in most localities; some towns have a more permanent covered market enclosing food shops, especially meat and fish retailers. These have better shelter than the periodic street markets.

Beverages and Drinks:

In French cuisine, beverages that precede a meal are called apéritifs (literally: that opens the appetite), and can be served with amuse-bouches (literally: mouth amuser). Those that end it are called digestifs.

Apéritifs

The apéritif varies from region to region: Pastis is popular in the south of France, Crémant d’Alsace in the eastern region. Champagne can also be served. Kir, also called « Blanc-cassis », is a common and popular apéritif-cocktail made with a measure of crème de cassis (blackcurrant liqueur) topped up with white wine. The word Kir Royal is used when white wine is replaced with a Champagne wine. A simple glass of red wine, such as Beaujolais nouveau, can also be presented as an apéritif, accompanied by amuse-bouches. Some apéritifs can be fortified wines with added herbs, such as cinchona, gentian and vermouth. Trade names that sell well include Suze (the classic gentiane), Byrrh, Dubonnet, Noilly Prat.

Digestifs

Digestifs are traditionally stronger, and include Cognac, Armagnac, Calvados and fruit alcohols.

Written by Ekta Agarwal

Hello everyone!! I am Ekta Agarwal from Hyderabad, India. Welcome to my blog where I share my recipes (tried and tested), interesting write ups on herbs, spices, cuisines and dining experiences.

Comments (412 comments)

  • August 12, 2014 at 4:45 pm

    Looking around

    I like to surf around the online world, often I will just go to Stumble Upon and read and check stuff out

  • August 8, 2014 at 7:48 am

    Does your blog have a contact page? I’m having a tough time locating it but, I’d like to shoot you an e-mail.
    I’ve got some suggestions for your blog you might be
    interested in hearing. Either way, great website and I look forward to seeing it develop over time.

  • August 8, 2014 at 7:44 am

    Almost all of the Skype Wi – Fi phones that are around today can access wireless networks which are protected by encryption if you’ve the proper password.

    With a lot of alternative within the market, price of those apps will also be affordable and competitive.

    As a security analyst for both online and offline, I’m
    also aware that some small-business owners don’t even realize precisely how vulnerable unprotected Wi-Fi really is.
    There a wide range of tariff plan suggestion too via with you’ll be
    able to have it doing work in cheapest rates. How to setup your netgear wn3000rp universal wifi range extender Lastly, I setup the wireless
    security and I was gaming with a consistent, faster connection.

  • August 7, 2014 at 3:58 pm

    What i don’t realize is if truth be told how you’re now not actually much more well-preferred than you may be right now. You’re so intelligent. You understand thus significantly when it comes to this subject, produced me in my view consider it from a lot of numerous angles. Its like women and men aren’t fascinated unless it¡¦s something to accomplish with Lady gaga! Your individual stuffs excellent. Always deal with it up!

  • August 7, 2014 at 3:36 pm

    I precisely wished to thank you so much once again. I’m not certain what I could possibly have undertaken in the absence of the type of techniques shared by you over such field. Previously it was a difficult concern in my circumstances, but being able to view a new specialized form you resolved that made me to weep over fulfillment. Extremely grateful for the information and then expect you really know what a powerful job you are getting into training most people thru your blog. More than likely you have never encountered all of us.

  • August 7, 2014 at 2:25 pm

    Hi there, I found your web site by means of Google even as searching for a comparable topic, your web site got here up, it appears to be like good. I have bookmarked it in my google bookmarks.

  • August 7, 2014 at 1:01 pm

    Wikia

    Wika linked to this website

  • August 7, 2014 at 12:24 pm

    Digg

    While checking out DIGG today I found this

  • August 7, 2014 at 11:41 am

    Hey! I’m at work surfing around your blog from my new iphone!
    Just wanted to say I love reading your blog and look
    forward to all your posts! Carry on the excellent work!

Leave a Reply to top eleven hack Cancel reply