There are hundreds of Mango cultivars, that is grouping of mango plants selected for desirable characteristics that can be maintained by process of creating new plants through seeds or grafting. There are over 400 varieties of mango known.
Almost half of world’s mango are cultivated in India alone. Mangoes are consumed locally in India alone and marginally exported to other countries. There are more than 50 varieties of mangoes which are cultivated extensively. Some of them are Alphonso, Banglora, Badami, Chaunsa, Cheruku Rasalu, Chinna Rasalu, Mallika, Totapuri, Alampur Baneshan, Chitoor, Amrapali, Chok Anan, Sindhuri, Jehangir, Lalabaug, etc.
Following are some of the most sought after varieties of Mango in India:
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It is named after Afonso De Albuquerque, a Portuguese general who established Portugal colonies in India. The Portuguese introduced grafting on Mango trees to inculcate distinct flavor and sweetness. Alphonso mango was cultivated for the first time in Konkan region in Maharashtra. It was mainly founded in Devgad and Ratnagiri districts of Maharashtra and have been producing the best Alphonso mangoes in the world ever since. Alphonso has fruity sweet taste and juicy saffron/golden colored non fibrous, tender texture flesh. It has thin and shiny skin.
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This variety of mango is grown in different parts of North India, Nepal and Pakistan. It first appeared in 18th century in Nawab of Lucknow’s garden in Uttar Pradesh and is been cultivated since. Dasheri is medium sized with pleasant flavor, sweet, firm and fiber less pulp with a good keeping quality and has a thin stone.
3. Bangana Palle or Bangana Palli
Bangana Palli is named after the town of Kurnool district in Andhra Pradesh of the same name. They are also cultivated in North India and are known as Safeda. These are large mangoes with average weight of 350g-400g. Bangana Palli has thin, golden yellow, edible and clear skin. The texture of this cultivar is creamy and juicy. The fiber less, firm and yellow with tangy taste pulp gives a distinct flavor.
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Fazli is from West Bengal and Bihar. It is grown in Malda district of West Bengal and is a late maturing fruit. It is large, with firm to soft flesh and weighs upto a kilo. Flavour is plesant with sweet and has fiber less pulp.
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It is also called Gir Kesar and is grown in Junagadh and Amreli in the Saurashtra region of Gujrat. The mango was first grown in 1931 by Junagadh Wazir Salec Bhai in Vanthali. About 75 grafts were then planted in the foothills of Girnar at the Junagadh Laal Dori farm. It is said to have been known as “Kesar” since 1934 when the Nawab of Junagadh Muhammad Mahabat Khan III said “This is Kesar” looking at the orange pulp of the fruit. Kesar is medium sized, oblong with sweet an fiber less flesh. Pulp is bright orange in color. It turns into attractive apricot yellow color with red blush when it ripens.
6. Gulab Khaas
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It is grown in Bihar and as the name suggests it has a rosy flavor and beautiful blush. Gulab Khaas’s skin is light yellow color and reddish blush on the base and sides. It has non-fibrous pulp.
This variety originated Andhra Pradesh. This variety is also called Imam Pasand. Himayat is popular among the Nawabs. The weight is around 450g-500g and hence are large. Ripened fruit is fiber less and silky flesh with deep sweet flavor and distinctive citrus overtones. The skin is green and when it ripens, it attains yellow color.
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This variety is also known as Benarasi Langra. It is orignally from Benaras, Uttar Pradesh. This was accidentally developed by a lame farmer in Benares. He was called Langra by the people, hence variety getting its name. It is majorly produced in Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Bihar and West Bengal, but the best quality is from Patna in Bihar. Each mango weighs around 200g-300g. Langra has minimal fiber, the flesh is lemonish yellow and firm with a hint of juniper berry flavor. It has thin green skin.
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It is also known as Malkurado, Kurado, etc. It is originally from Goa and is the most popular variety in the state. The Portuguese named it ‘Mankurad’ meaning poor colored. It has yellow skin and is medium sized with ovate shape. Mankurad has firm, fiber less and cadmium yellow skin.
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This cultivar of mango is very popular and originates in West Bengal. It is grown mainly in Nadia, Murshidabad, Maldah and Hooghly districts in West Bengal. Himsagar has thin skin, no fiber with golden hue flesh. Its aroma is pleasant and is very sweet.
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So lets enjoy the Mango season in bloom!